Nagaland is a vibrant hill state Located in the extreme North Eastern End of India, bounded by Myanmar in the East; Assam in the West; Arunachal Pradesh and a part of Assam in the North with Manipur in the south.It offers rich incomparable traditional and cultural heritage.The Distinctive character and identify of each tribe in terms of Tradition, custom, language and dresses is clearly discernible to the visitors.The respective tribal festivals are celebrated at interval all over the State.
The early history of Nagaland is the story of the customs and economic activities of the Naga tribes. The people were originally referred to as Naka in Burmese languages, which means ‘people with pierced ears’. The Naga tribes had socio-economic and political links with tribes in Assam and Burma (Myanmar); even today a large population of Naga inhabits Assam.
Following an invasion in 1816, the area, along with Assam, came under direct rule of Burma. This period was noted for oppressive rule and turmoil in Assam and Nagaland. When the British East India Company took control of Assam in 1826, the Britain steadily expanded its domain over modern Nagaland. By 1892, all of modern Nagaland except the Tuensang area in the northeast was governed by the British. It was politically amalgamated into Assam. Missionaries played an important part in converting Nagaland’s Naga tribes to Christianity.Not much is known about the history before the Burmese invasion or before the Naga people were converted to Christianity.Post India’s independence, Nagaland remained a part of the state of Assam. The extremist people and the Naga groups took part in an intense revolt for freedom from the nation of India. However, finally, the Indian army succeeded in making this revolt a failure in the year 1955. The district of Assam called Naga Hills and the Tuensang area were made to represent a single unit under the Indian administration. At the meeting of Naga People’s Convention in the year 1960, it was finally decided that Nagaland will be considered a full-fledged state of India. In the year 1963, Nagaland was finally declared a separate state, which constitutes an important part of Nagaland history.
Places to Visit in Nagaland
The chilling mountain breeze that stings your face while hiking through the serpentine roads of Nagaland is sure to set your heart on fire as you will hardly be able to subdue the excitement that awaits you in the form of mind blowing sceneries of monoliths, cascading waterfalls, rare species of birds and mossy green ferns transporting you to a world of utter peace and tranquility. Places to Visit in Nagaland comprises of exotic green valleys, looming mountains and ethnic tribes. Away from the hustle and bustle of city life it is a cocoon of natural wealth. The breathtaking beauty of the pristine land may at times leave you exhausted for it gauds you to drink in all the vibrancy of nature all at once. Nagaland is not just about the exotic tribes, their habitat, and culture but also about its natural flora and fauna, its fairs and festivals and its well-known cities.
Kohima:- the capital city of Nagaland with the magnificent view of the rugged Naga Hills offers interesting things to do. It was a witness to the fierce fight during the Second World War and the war cemetery; a serene stretch land of manicured greens carries an engraved epitaph, which says,