The origin of the Mizos, similar to those of many other tribes in the North Eastern India is obscure. The people of Mizoram are generally accepted as part of a great Mongoloid wave of migration from China and later moved out to India to their present habitat – now Mizoram. It is believed that, Mizos (the inhabitants of Mizoram) came from Shinlung or Chhinlungsan situated on the banks of the river Yalung in China. It is quite possible that, they first settled in the Shan State and moved on to Kabaw Valley to Khampat and then to the Chin Hills in the middle of the 16th century. It is believed that they are descendants of Tibetan-Burmese-Mongoloid tribes. The ancestors of the Mizo people are said to have migrated through China, then further past Burma, to finally settle down in the north-eastern part of India some 300 years ago.The earliest Mizos, who migrated to India were known as Kukis, the second batch of immigrants were called New Kukis. The Lushais were the last of the Mizo tribes to migrate to and settle down in India.
Mizoram was inhabited by the tribal groups of Tibeto-Burmese race. During the period 1750-1850 migrations led to settlements in the hills. The tribal groups were governed under a hereditary chieftainship. The Lushais are the most predominant tribe besides a few others like Panei, Lakher, Chakma, Riang. Agriculture is the main occupation of this region. During the British period, Mizoram became a part of the territory of the British India in 1891 though the administration of the villages were left to the local chieftains. The influence of the British also extended to conversion into Christianity. After independence of India, Mizoram continued to be part of Assam. In 1966 the Mizos resorted to the use of armed struggle to put forth their demands to set up a homeland. It was in 1986 that peace was established and Mizoram joined the main stream with the Indian Union.
Tourist Attractions of Mizoram
Phawngpui :-Phawngpui, the Blue Mountain of Mizoram is a highly revered peak, considered to be the abode of the Gods.
Sibuta Lung :-Sibuta Lung is a memorial stone found at Tachhip village, 20 Km from Aizawl town. Sibuta Lung was raised by a Palian chief about 300 years ago.
Phulpui Grave:-There are two graves at Phulpui village in the Aizawl district of Mizoram India. It is said that, Zawlpala, Chief of Phulpui village, married the .
Memorial of Chhingpui :-Memorial of Chhingpui is a memorial stone raised in the memory of a beautiful young woman called Chhingpui in a place between Baktawng .
Pangzawal :-Pangzawl village of Lunglei district in Mizoram is related with the tragic folklore of Chawngungi. Chawngungi was a very beautiful girl.
Mangkahia Lung:-Mangkahia Lung is located at Champhai in Aizawl district of Mizoram India, near the Myanmar border. Mangkahia Lung is a very large memorial stone also .
Tomb of Vanhimailian :-Vanhimailian Sailo was a great chief who ruled over Champhai. A tomb know as the ‘Tomb of Vanhimailian’ was erected in Vanhimailian .
Tualchang :-Tualchang is a row of stone slabs situated near Tualchang village in the eastern part of Aizawl district, in Mizoram. The largest of the rocks.
Lungvandawt:-Lungvandawt means a stone reaching heaven. Lungvandawt is a very tall beautiful chiselled pillar made of stone, which is about .
Fairs and Festivals of Meghalya
The festivals of Mizoram are related to the agricultural activities that bring forth the vibrancy and the liveliness of the people of Mizoram possessed. Some of the major festivals in Mizoram that can be mentioned are Chapchar Kut, Mim Kut, Pawl Kut and Thalfavang Kut.
Chapchar Kut The spring festival is the most important in Mizoram. When the festival comes, people of all ages, men and women, dressed themselves in these traditional and colourful costumes and wore exotic headgears and jewelleries to assemble and perform various folk dances. They also sing traditional songs accompanied by beating of drums, gongs and cymbals. The group from every region come to the event and displayed their best performance. The performers dance in joyous celebration of life. These dances have a feel of bonhomie and courting woven into them. ‘Cheraw’ or the ‘bamboo dance’ which is popular all over the country is also performed during this festival.
Mim Kut and Pawl Kut This festival is also part of the tourist season. It is celebrated for the completion of the harvesting season. During these festivals, the various folk dances, exulting songs and energetic games are performed. When the festival takes place, the entire community also joins in with great enthusiasm, joy and feasting. During these festivities ‘tingtang’ (guitar) and ‘phenglawng’ (flute) which are the indigenous musical instruments also act as rhyme and musical accompaniments to the various dances.
Thalfavang Kut When the people of Mizoram complete the process of weeding of the field and prepare for the forthcoming harvest, the Thalfavang Kut festival takes place. This colourful festival is very new to the tourists and invoke a different kind of experience. A good score of this festival is that it gives the community an opportunity to come together, retain the present bonds and renew the old ones.
Christmas :Here Christmas is celebrated for three days starting from 24th till 26th of December. The majority of the population is Christian, so Christmas is one of the most important events of the Mizos. On Christmas Eve, the people start celebration in their homes and on the 25th of December, a grand celebration takes place in the church. On 26th December the people organised a grand and sumptuous feast where everyone from young to old take part and rejoice with great fervour and festivities.
How To Reach Mizoram
Nearest airport is Aizawl
Aizawl is connected to Kolkata, (1 hr ) and Imphal (30 min) and Guwahti. Indian Airlines (Alliance Air) flights Kolkata – Aizawl – Kolkata ( daily service ) and Kolkata – Aizawl – Imphal – Aizawl – Kolkata (Monday, Wednesday, Friday ), Guwahati – Aizawl (Tuesday, Thursday, Saturday and Sunday).
Nearest railhead is Silchar which is in Assam ( 184 km away)
From Guwahati, travel to Silchar by Barak Valley Express, Cachar Express or the Tripura Passenger. The journey takes about 19 hrs.
NH – 54 connects Aizawl with the rest of the country through Silchar. Buses and taxis are available from Silchar to Aizawl ( 6-8 hrs ). Night services are also available. Aizawl is also accessible by road from Shillong and Guwahati.
Hotel’s in Mizoram
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