The North India, strategically, most important part of India has shaped the course of India’s historical and cultural evolution over the last 3500 years. The three main religions – Hinduism, Buddhism and Jainism; the origin of sacred river Ganga, Yamuna and sources of many other important rivers are in northern India. The mighty Himalayas from Himachal Pradesh to Arunachal Pradesh safeguarding the country are also part of the northern India. Delhi, the capital of India has seen the battle between many emperors and has been ruled by them from time to time. Some of the outstanding monuments like Qutab Minar, Jama Mosque, Humayun’s Tomb were built by Mughal Emperors during their regime. Rajasthan, one of the most colourful and vibrant state of India is proudly associated with northern India. Most famous for its Forts and Palaces; Rajasthan’s Thar Desert and Cattle Fairs are no less interesting. Uttar Pradesh, the most populated state in the country has beautiful monuments like Taj Mahal; wildlife sanctuaries and is associated with river Ganges as her source of origin from Gaumukh in the Himalayas.
Northern India has its own significance due to diverse culture; amazing monuments, wildlife, rivers, Himalays; religion and climate. The entire north India from north-west to north-east is also very important, strategically and from country’s safety point of view as well, as it borders Pakistan in the north-west, China in north and north-east, Nepal in and Bhutan in north-east.