The last of the Kachari Kings, Raja Gobind Chandra was assassinated by a group of seditious persons with the help of some of his personal attendents on April, 24, 1830 at Haritikar. In absence of natural heirs, his territroy lapsed to the british under the terms of an agreement executed in 1826. Mr. T. Fisher, as army officer was sent to take charge of the territory with the power of a collector and magistrate and he took over charge on June 30, 1830 with Headquarters at Cherrapunji. In 1833, the Headquarters were shifted to Dudpatil and then to Silchar. Plian portion of Cachar was formally annexed to the british dominion on August 14, 1832 by a proclamation of the Governor General in council. Mr. T. Fisher was Gazetted to the first Post of the Superintendent of the District. He unfortunately died while in service and was succeeded respectively by Messers I.G.Burns, E.R.Lyons, E.S. Person, P.G.Vener and others.
In 1854 North Cachar was annexed to the British Dominion after the death of Senapati Tularam and tagged with Cachar. In 1874, Cachar was included in the Chief Commissionership of Assam as per proclamation of Feb’6, 1874 and the post of Superintendent was redesignated as the Deputy Commissioner and Mr. R. Stuart was the first DC of the District. Hailakandi Sub-Division was formed on June 1, 1869. As a result of partition of India in 1947, four Thanas of Erst While, Karimganj Sub Division of Sylthet District were transferred to Cachar
The District of Cachar is located in the Southernmost part of Assam is one of the oldest district of Assam. It is bounded on the North by Barali and Jayantia hill ranges, on the South by the State Mizoram, on the East by sister district Hailakandi and Karimganj. The district was created in 1830 after annexation of Kachari Kingdom by British. In 1854, North Cachar was annexed and tagged to the district. In 1951 erstwhile North Cachar Sub-Division was made a separate district and taken out of Cachar.In 1983 erstwhile Karimganj Sub-Division and in 1989, Hailakandi Sub-Division was made a separate District.
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